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NetSuite Average Cost Calculation

Understanding the Basics for Effective Inventory Management

Inventory management is a critical aspect of running a successful business. Efficiently managing inventory costs can help you reduce waste, streamline operations, and improve profitability. One key component of inventory management is understanding the average cost calculation, particularly in systems like NetSuite. In this blog post, we’ll explore the NetSuite average cost calculation, its significance, and how it can benefit your business.

What is NetSuite?

NetSuite is a cloud-based enterprise resource planning (ERP) software that offers a comprehensive suite of business applications to help manage various aspects of your business, such as accounting, inventory management, customer relationship management, and more. NetSuite is designed to be flexible and scalable, making it suitable for businesses of all sizes and across various industries.

Understanding the Average Cost Calculation in NetSuite

The average cost calculation is a method used to determine the value of your inventory on hand. It is calculated by taking the total cost of goods available for sale (including the opening stock and purchases made) and dividing it by the total quantity of items in stock. The resulting value represents the average cost per unit for a specific item.

In NetSuite, the average cost calculation is used in various modules, such as purchasing, sales, and inventory management. It helps businesses determine the cost of goods sold (COGS), maintain accurate inventory valuations, and make informed decisions regarding pricing, stock levels, and purchasing.

Benefits of Using the NetSuite Average Cost Calculation

  1. Accurate Inventory Valuation: The average cost calculation in NetSuite helps provide a more accurate valuation of your inventory, enabling you to make informed decisions about inventory levels, pricing, and purchasing. This accuracy ensures that you maintain optimal stock levels and avoid overstocking or stockouts.
  2. Simplified Accounting: By using the average cost calculation, you can easily track and manage your inventory costs, which simplifies your accounting processes. This method provides a single, consistent value for each item, making it easier to reconcile inventory values and perform financial reporting.
  3. Enhanced Profitability: By having an accurate understanding of your inventory costs, you can make more informed decisions about pricing and profit margins. With a clear understanding of the cost of goods sold (COGS), you can strategically price your products to maximize profitability.
  4. Improved Decision-Making: The average cost calculation helps businesses make data-driven decisions by providing insights into inventory trends and patterns. This information can help you identify areas where costs can be reduced, better manage your supply chain, and optimize your inventory levels.

How to Implement the Average Cost Calculation in NetSuite

To implement the average cost calculation in NetSuite, follow these steps:

  1. Enable the “Average Costing” feature in your NetSuite account by navigating to Setup > Company > Enable Features > Items & Inventory > Average Costing.
  2. Set the costing method for each item in your inventory to “Average” by going to Lists > Accounting > Items > Edit > Inventory and Costs > Costing Method.
  3. Update the costing method for your inventory locations by going to Setup > Accounting > Accounting Lists > Locations > Edit > Costing Method.
  4. Regularly review and update your average cost values as needed.


The average cost calculation is a valuable tool in NetSuite that can help businesses optimize their inventory management and enhance profitability. By understanding and implementing this method, you can maintain accurate inventory valuations, streamline your accounting processes, and make better-informed decisions. If you’re looking to improve your inventory management practices, consider using the NetSuite average cost calculation to drive better results for your business.

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